The picture of HIV in Kenya (2011)

HIV prevalence

0 to 2%
2 to 4%
4 to 6%
6 to 10%
Above 10%
HIV prevalence
Kenya’s HIV prevalence now stands at 5.6 percent, halved from its peak of 10.5 percent in 1996.

But data shows that the country’s HIV epidemic is not as generalised as previously thought. Hyper-epidemics persist in parts of the country.

For instance, the County of Homa Bay had an HIV prevalence of 27 per cent in 2011, the highest in the country, according to the National Aids Control Council's HIV and Aids county profile report 2013.

Percentage of HIV
positive people who
are newly infected

0 to 1%
1 to 2%
2 to 3%
3 to 4%
4 to 5%
5 to 6%
Above 6%
New HIV infection
HIV continues to be a major public health challenge in Kenya, where an estimated 1.6 million people were living with HIV in 2011.

Over 100,000 of these had acquired HIV infection the year before, making Kenya's HIV epidemic the fourth largest worldwide.

Percentage of HIV
positive people on ARVs

0 to 15%
15 to 30%
30 to 45%
45 to 60%
Above 60%
HIV treatment
One out of every three HIV positive people is on treatment. Antiretroviral therapy reduces illness, deaths and sexual transmission of HIV.

Mother to child transmission rate of HIV
In 2011, the mother to child transmission rate of HIV in Kenya was 15 per cent.

Universal antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected pregnant women will be essential in achieving Kenyan's target of under five per cent by 2015.

* Mother to child transmission rate of HIV in these counties are below one per cent.